These Texas laws come into effect on September 1

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A host of new laws passed during the 2021 legislative session will come into force on September 1.

New Texas laws include restrictions on abortion, rules that hope to strengthen the state’s electricity grid, and limits on how teachers can talk about race and racism in the classroom. A new measure will make it easier to carry a handgun in public places, while another will allow bars and restaurants to serve take-out alcohol.

On ExpressNews.com: Texas Democrats Return to Same Voting Bill After 6 Weeks of Boycott

Some new measures, such as the law that prevents businesses from requiring proof of COVID-19 vaccine status, came into effect months ago.

Below are some of the measures that will become law on September 1.

In attempting to eradicate critical race theory from Texas schools, supporters of Senate Bill 3 risk validating extreme views in the name of not taking sides on controversial issues. Here, people demonstrate in response to the legislative session, which includes Senate Bill 3.

Tamir Kalifa / Getty Images

Critical breed theory

The controversial new law will control how teachers in Texas can talk about race and racism. Supporters of the law said the new measures in House Bill 3979 removed public education policy. Critics, however, have called it an attempt to limit the lessons about slavery and discrimination in America.

The new law targets “critical race theory,” an academic concept that has become a buzzword among Republicans who challenge the role white privilege and systemic racism may have played in America. The new law limits the teaching of the basic tenets of “critical race theory” which links modern inequalities to historical patterns of discrimination.

“Constitutional portage”

Texans will be able to carry handguns in public places without a permit under this bill. The House Bill 1927 states that persons 21 years of age and over will not be required to take a training course to be licensed to carry a handgun in public. The bill does not apply to people with a criminal record.

According to an April Express-News article, the bill was widely adopted by parties. Republican lawmakers wanted to make Texas the largest of nearly 20 states to pass the “constitutional carry” law. State Tories are committed to upholding Texas’ reputation as a Second Amendment state.

A lone person is seen walking through the snow on the morning of February 15 Alamo Street towards Houston Street.

A lone person is seen walking through the snow on the morning of February 15 Alamo Street towards Houston Street.

William Luther / William Luther

Electricity grid reform

Two new laws aim to prevent a power outage similar to that caused by the deadly winter storm in February.

Senate Bill 2 changes the board structure of the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, the non-profit organization that operates the Texas power grid, so that politicians nominate the majority of members. Senate Bill 3 sets rules for the weatherization of power plants and certain natural gas suppliers and creates a new statewide emergency alert system.

Representatives from states that are against Senate Bill 8, the Fetal Heart Rate Bill, gather for a debate on the bill in the House chamber on Capitol Hill in the spring.

Representatives from states that are against Senate Bill 8, the Fetal Heart Rate Bill, gather for a debate on the bill in the House chamber on Capitol Hill in the spring.

Jay Janner / Associated press

Fetal Heart Rate and Roe v. Triggering Laws Wade

Senate Bill 8 allows people to sue abortion clinics, doctors, and others who help women access an abortion in Texas after a fetal heartbeat is detected, typically around six weeks pregnant. .

Whole Woman’s Health, one of the leading abortion providers in Texas, filed a lawsuit to stop the new law before it was implemented in September, the Houston Chronicle reported.

Almost all abortions performed by Whole Woman’s Health clinics take place after six weeks because most women do not know by then that they are pregnant, the newspaper reported.

Days after Governor Greg Abbott signed Senate Bill 8, the Republican-led legislature also passed another bill (House Bill 1280) that would ban abortions in Texas if the US Supreme Court- United canceled Roe v. Wade, the landmark 1973 case that legalized abortion.

The Texas Tribune reported in May that if the Supreme Court were to overturn the Roe v. Wade, House Bill 1280 would come into effect 30 days later.

Pay for sex

Texas will be the first state in the country to make paying for sex a felony, thanks to new law that increases penalties for a range of sex trafficking crimes. The new law is an attempt to discourage this practice.

Those in Texas who recruit victims of trafficking from residential treatment centers that house homeless or foster children and minors, who have previously been victims of violence and assault, will be charged with a first degree crime.

State Representative Ann Johnson, a Democrat from Houston who was previously the chief human trafficking prosecutor for the Harris County District Attorney’s Office, told Express-News that the new law is part of the recent trend in Texas laws moving criminal penalties away from women who are victims of sex trafficking and from customers who pay for sex and pimps who run the illegal trade.

Stars and Stripes Protection Act

Senate Bill 4, the Star-Spangled Banner Protection Act, requires any professional sports team with contracts with the State of Texas to play the national anthem before the start of a game.

The bill came after NFL quarterback Colin Kaepernick and others began protesting police brutality against black Americans in 2016.

But the bill only became a priority for Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick after Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban stopped playing the anthem before home games, the Texas Tribune reported.

A vaccination record.

A vaccination record.

Allen J. Schaben, MBR / TNS

Vaccination passport invoice

Businesses that require customers to prove their COVID-19 vaccination status will be denied state contracts and could lose their licenses or business permits under Senate Bill 968.

The bill came into effect immediately after Abbott enacted it in June.

Although companies cannot demand so-called vaccine passports, they can still implement “COVID-19 infection testing and control protocols in accordance with federal and state laws to protect public health,” according to the law. .

Prohibition on closing churches

Churches and other places of worship were forced to close last spring to help prevent the spread of the coronavirus. But under House 1239, state agencies and officials are prohibited from issuing emergency orders that “close or have the effect of closing places of worship in the state.”

A man orders daiquiris from a drive-thru in Universal City.  Texas has made take-out alcohol sales permanent.

A man orders daiquiris from a drive-thru in Universal City. Texas has made take-out alcohol sales permanent.

Marvin Pfeiffer / Team Photographer

Alcohol to take away

The new law allows restaurants to sell alcohol with pick-up and delivery orders, extending an executive decree on “take-out alcohol” at the start of the pandemic. The effort was aimed at keeping bars and restaurants afloat when they were forced to close or reduce capacity to help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

High Speed ​​Internet Access

Senate Bill 5 (and its companion House Bill 5) establishes a statewide broadband office and plan for high-speed Internet access, a change that supporters say will have far-reaching implications. scope for online and classroom learning.

The State Broadband Development Office will provide grants, low interest loans and other incentives to create broadband access in Texas, especially in rural areas.

Experts have told the Texas Tribune that more than 9 million Texans do not have high-speed internet connections.

Texas lawmakers have relaxed restrictions on medical marijuana in a new law that comes into effect in September.

Texas lawmakers have relaxed restrictions on medical marijuana in a new law that comes into effect in September.

Brad Horrigan / TNS

Expansion of medical marijuana

Under the new law, the state’s restrictive medical marijuana program is expanded to make it accessible to Texans with post-traumatic stress disorder, all forms of cancer, and those involved in initiatives of research.

Entering street races

Law enforcement in Texas will have the power to seize the vehicle of a street racer. While street racing is already illegal in the state, the new law addresses the “confiscation of contraband related to the criminal offense of highway racing.”

Information from the archives of Express-News and the Houston Chronicle has been used in this report. Information from the Texas Tribune was also used.

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