The importance of artificial intelligence and its impact on humanity

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Alexa! What is artificial intelligence? “Artificial intelligence is the study of devices that perceive the environment and take actions that maximize their chances of success at a certain goal, more commonly is used to describe when machines are seen to mimic human cognitive functions such as learning and problem solving “. Well, isn’t that practical.

Artificial intelligence (AI), a radical concept developed by computer scientists in the 1950s, has enormous applications in our daily lives today. It has come to play a crucial role in manufacturing, healthcare, finance, marketing, and more. Businesses and individuals around the world rely on machine learning, robotics and artificial intelligence to improve their products, processes and customer experience. Whether it’s the cars we drive, computers that predict the weather, toys that learn to interact with children, or writing computer codes, AI is changing the way we live, work and learn. to play.

Artificial intelligence is based on the principles of human intelligence and is defined as the way in which machines mimic human intelligence to perform simple and complex tasks. Artificial intelligence aims to learn human cognitive abilities and eventually to overcome them. Currently, most AI models rely on deep neural networks, inspired by the human brain, which collect a lot of raw data and expected outcomes and learn the relationship between the two. Once trained, he can apply this knowledge to new data and predict the outcome. More advanced methods use deep reinforcement learning, where the model learns to make decisions through trial and error. In 2017, AlphaGo, based on deep reinforcement learning, defeated Ke Jie, the world’s number one ranked player at the time in the board game Go. Self-taught AlphaGo Zero claimed a 100-0 victory over the first competitive version of AlphaGo and is the best Go player in the world.

Artificial intelligence has given computers skills and abilities never seen before. These advancements have helped us better understand and treat diseases, for example last year when Google’s attention-based neural network AlphaFold 2 demonstrated a result that would have taken decades for humans to achieve. . AlphaFold 2 was able to determine the 3D structure of a protein with an accuracy rivaling crystallography, the gold standard for convincingly modeling proteins. But unlike crystallography, which takes months to get results, AlphaFold 2 can model proteins within hours. In healthcare, advanced AI systems help physicians diagnose and treat disease in patients faster and more accurately, and perform robotic surgeries that are more precise and efficient. In fact, the biggest problem humanity faces today, the Covid crisis, was first alerted to us by the Canadian AI platform “BlueDot” on New Years Eve. AI has led to the rise of autonomous vehicles and drones and we’ve seen how they powered chatbots to provide customers with a healthy experience.

Artificial intelligence is a central premise of disruptive change in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), a revolution that challenges our notions of what it means to be human and is more transformative than any other industrial revolution we’ve known. Put simply, artificial intelligence learns to make decisions faster than humans. This allows us for the first time to automate the service industry as computers become more comfortable speaking, writing, reading and recognizing more patterns. AI has created a number of tools that allow people to rethink the way we integrate information, analyze data, and use results to improve decision-making.

Most of the AIs we talked about are called narrow artificial intelligence (ANI), machines that are extremely good at performing one task but cannot extend their capabilities to other tasks. ANI has already surpassed humans in terms of accuracy and speed in many tasks, and it is improving rapidly. The next step in the evolution of AI is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). With AGI, we could develop machines that can understand the world as well as any human, and with the same ability to learn to perform a wide range of tasks.

In 2020, OpenAI developed GPT-3, a language model capable of performing many diverse tasks without specific training. Although GPT-3 is not an example of AGI, some consider it too advanced to be classified as a narrow AI system.

The two engines of the exponential development of AI have been data, more accessible than ever thanks to the Internet, and cheap computing power. By 2030, we would have enough computing power that the idea of ​​a machine capable of human intelligence no longer seems impossible.

AI is about to have a profound impact on society, next we need to start thinking about all the implications as well. Today technology is improving at a faster rate than our education and legal system can keep up. Regulations need to be in place to determine what data is accessible to machines and what AI machines are allowed to do. Research needs to be focused in directions where AI is useful for humanity. Most of the dangerous, repeatable and strenuous tasks will be performed by AI powered robots. What does this mean for us, for humanity? It will bring back jobs that require creativity, human presence, social and emotional intelligence, and subjective decision-making. The jobs of the future will require more collaboration, as the computational work will be taken care of by a program. Who knows, AI might be the trigger that brings human contact back to its true form.

As a final thought, a segment of this article has been generated by AI. Can you tell the difference?



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The opinions expressed above are those of the author.



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