Supreme Court to review Mississippi abortion ban that could challenge Roe V. Wade

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Top line

The U.S. Supreme Court will hear a case over Mississippi’s ban on abortions that take place after 15 weeks, the court said on Monday, calling on the conservative-leaning court to make a sweeping decision on abortion and potentially weaken or overthrow Roe vs. Wade.

Highlights

The case, Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, considers Mississippi’s ban on abortions that take place after 15 weeks except in medical emergencies and “severe fetal malformation”, but asks more generally if “all predictability bans on elective abortions are unconstitutional “.

The Supreme Court has said it will look specifically at this issue, rather than other more procedural issues regarding standing and Supreme Court precedents.

Mississippi wants court to reconsider standards set in Roe vs. Wade which only allow abortions to be banned once the fetus is considered viable (which is not usually the case before the 20th week of pregnancy) and allow abortions to be banned earlier.

The court ruling came after the justices – who have a conservative 6-3 lean – have long hesitated to pass the Mississippi law, having repeatedly considered it at their conferences since October without rendering a ruling on the opportunity to take the deal.

Mississippi law was first passed in 2018 and was struck down by a district and appeals court for violating Supreme Court precedent that guarantees the right to abortion before the fetus is born. is viable.

Crucial quote

Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health is “the best opportunity the Supreme Court will ever have to overthrow Roe,” Conservative jurist Ed Whelan told the Los Angeles Times before the court decides to take up the case. “Indeed, it is unlikely that there will ever be a more opportune time.”

Chief critic

“Anti-abortion politicians have harnessed their power for this very moment: the opportunity for the new Supreme Court to take away our right to abortion,” Planned Parenthood Action Fund President Alexis McGill said in a statement. Monday. “In taking this case, the court will be looking at nearly 50 years of precedent guaranteeing our right to abortion. In a country where your ability to access abortion already depends on your income and zip code, the court ruling could further decimate access.

Key context

The Dobbs the case marks the greatest opportunity for the Supreme Court to seize the right to abortion in 30 years, the Times notes, and comes after GOP-led states repeatedly passed restrictive abortion legislation for Supreme Court reconsideration Roe deer. Although it focuses on Mississippi law, the case could have far-reaching implications across the country on other states that have enacted similar laws that could now come into force, potentially confirming advocates’ fears. abortion rights that have long warned the Supreme The court’s conservative inclination has posed a significant threat to abortion rights. The Guttmacher Institute reported on April 30 that 536 abortion restrictions had so far been introduced in 46 states since January alone, including 146 abortion bans, and 28 restrictions were enacted even within four days. in April. Texas became the latest state to pass major new restrictions, as lawmakers passed a bill on Thursday to ban abortion after just six weeks.

Further reading

Conservatives worried about Supreme Court delay in accepting Mississippi abortion case (Los Angeles Times)

Why is the Supreme Court hesitant about abortion? (New York magazine)

Texas lawmakers pass bill to ban abortion after six weeks (Forbes)

South Carolina abortion law blocked a day after it came into force (Forbes)

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