By Laman Ismayilova
The National Opera and Ballet Theater of Azerbaijan presented an opera “Natavan” by a prominent composer, popular artist Vasif Adigozalov, reports Azernews.
This year marks the 190th birthday of Xurshidbanu Natavan, a great poet and daughter of Mehdi Gulu Khan, the last ruler of the Karabakh Khanate.
The opera recounts the life course of a great poetess. The author of the libretto is Nazim Ibrahimov and the verses are written by Ruzgyar Afandiyeva. At the same time, poems by Khurshidbanu Natavan, Qasimbay Zakir and other members of the Majlisi-Uns literary society were used in the libretto.
The opera production was warmly received and received thunderous applause from the audience.
The main roles of the opera were performed by People’s Artist Azar Zeynalov, Honored Artists Jahangir Gurbanov, Tural Aghasiyev, Tayyar Bayramov as well as the main soloists Seljan Nasibli, Taleh Yahyayev Mahir Taghizada, Atash Garayev, Fahmin Ahmadli, Ravan Amiraslanli and many others.
The opera “Natavan” was staged and conducted by People’s Artist of Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan Firudin Safarov, the performance director is Honored Artist of Azerbaijan Hafiz Guliyev, the production designer – People’s Artist Rafiz Ismayilov, Choreographer-People’s Artist Tamilla Shiraliyeva, Choir Leader – Honored Artist Sevil Hajiyeva, Music Director and Conductor – People’s Artist Yalchin Adigozalov.
Khurshidbanu Natavan became popular through her relationship-themed ghazals and rubaiyat. Kindness, friendship, humanism and love were the main themes of Natavan’s ghazals.
Her romantic poems express the feelings and sufferings of a woman who was not happy in her family life and who lost her son. She adopted the pseudonym Natavan, a Persian term meaning “helpless”, after the tragic death of her son in 1885.
Some of his famous poems are “To My Son, Abbas”, “Lilac” and “Beloved One”, which are still used in folk songs.
In addition to poetry, Natavan was also engaged in painting. She was exceptionally good at pencil drawing and attractive embroidery. His landscape sketches were the first of their kind in the European style of Azerbaijani art, which perfectly combined the concepts of Western and Eastern art forms. His embroidery works were considered masterpieces.
After her father’s death, she became heavily involved in philanthropy, promoting the social and cultural development of Karabakh.
Although she took over the Karabakh Khanate at the age of 13, Natavan successfully established her literary career and handled the responsibilities of developing her hometown, Shusha.
She did a lot for people’s welfare, including building a water pipe, opening schools, and building hospitals.
Known for her charitable and social activities, Natavan was the first to provide clean water to her hometown, Shusha.
Among his actions was a water pipeline which was first laid in Shusha in 1883, thus solving the water problem of the townspeople.
Moreover, she also did a lot for the development and popularization of the famous Karabakh horse breed. Karabakh horses from the Natavan Stud were known as the best in Azerbaijan. At an international exhibition in Paris in 1867, a Karabakh Khan horse from the Natavan stud received a silver medal.
The khan’s daughter was also active in sponsoring one of the first literary societies. She established the first literary society in Shusha and sponsored several others across the country. Majlis-I Uns (Society of Friends) has become a renowned poetic circle in Karabakh.
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